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    RITUAL. OF. KAPPA SIGMA. No. PRIVATELY COMPOSED AND PRINTED BY. KAPPA This Book, when not in use, should be kept in the custody. The Ritual of Kappa Sigma manual (). The secret In the PDF, on page 34 and pages 40 and 41 in the actual book is a blurred page. Therefore we the members of Kappa Sigma Fraternity ask you to please The only thing correct on this website page is the picture of the ritual book that's. it the .

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    Kappa Sigma Ritual Book

    This entry was posted in Books, Fraternities and tagged , Fraternity, Kappa Sigma, PDF, Ritual Book by G.I. Joe. Bookmark the permalink. It was here that the first Constitution and Ritual of Kappa Sigma, ' THE FOUNDING OF KAPPA SIGMA IS a document which lies before the writer of these lines. This book is the property of the Kappa Sigma Fraternity as provided for in the Ritual of Kappa Sigma, by of Chapter approved by the Ritual Commission.

    December 6, at am said: You want me to take it down? Does it make a difference now? I would appreciate if you would down this ritual. It is a sacred experience, and it is a very private thing. KSig on January 4, at pm said: Whomever your name is, I feel pity for you.

    The assistant deputies and Dr. Deputy: Dr. Luke, draw some of this embryo Greek's blood by carving Sigma above his heart. Then, place a piece of adhesive tape over the spot. It must be! Snatch off the adhesive tape. It can not come off. It is there to stay. It is upon your heart and there it will remain until your heart ceases to throb. Luke, he has stood the test. Return him to the anteroom to await the bidding of the court.

    The candidate is returned to the anteroom, allowed to dress, but remains blindfolded, awaiting the initiation of all the other candidates. Then the Deputy and his assistants take all candidates before the Court, standing them in front of chairs arranged before the altar.

    Deputy: Most worthy Chief Justice and members of the Court: The candidates have stood the test, and are now ready to receive the instructions of the Court. Chief Justice: Candidate s , be seated.

    The Chief Justice rises and administers the oath of membership to the candidates: the candidates kneel around the altar and place their hands on the Holy Bible and repeat the oath with the Chief Justice: Chief Justice: Repeat after me: In the Presence of Almighty God and members of the Phi Beta Sigma fraternity, I do solemnly swear and affirm that I will never divulge any secret, betray any trust, or bring reproach upon the name and honor of the Fraternity, by committing any unworthy deed or act, so help me God.

    Chief Justice: Brother Chaplain, will you lead us in prayer? Let the candidates remain in the same kneeling position. Chaplain: O Almighty and Eternal God, …. We advise the brothers to look down at the floor for a few minutes until their eyes become accustomed to the lights. Chief Justice rises, and in a speech explains the Basic principles of the fraternity: Brotherhood Service and Scholarship: Sirs, you have been chosen from the multitude for honor in the Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity.

    Your activities, your personal conduct, your Scholarship have been under observation of the Sigma Men, who have judged you worthy to walk in our midst.

    Ours is a real Brotherhood with tested abiding friendship, a brotherhood that calls for and gladly gives its best in the hour of need. It is a spiritual fellowship that binds us in all activities along life's narrow pathway.

    Upon it rests the social welfare of each and every brother. Service is the keystone of all activities, the source of all joy, the basis of all happiness, and the foundation of love from which all mankind may drink. We wish to impress upon all that the fruitful life is one which is spent for the blessing of others. You begin to serve each other in the confines of the court, and as you go forth into the world, you are to be constantly on the alert for such opportunities as will bring you into helpful relationship with your fellow men.

    And, thus breathing the atmosphere of mutual consideration, you will soon begin yourself to pass on to others the ideals of service. As an association of progressive men seeking to realize the higher ideals of life, Scholarship is esteemed most highly among us as a necessary factor in the development of a keen precept and it sound judgment. Scholarship expresses itself not merely into acquirement of superior character. The ideal of scholarship should ever be kept uppermost in your mind so that you may be a beacon light among men, pointing out to them the truth , the light, the way.

    These exercises which you are passing through were not provided for the entertainment of those who are to be your brothers, but to impress upon you the seriousness of your new relationship. You must keep ever burning on your heart the Essence of this Initiation and ever remember that we are bound together by a triple cord of love in Brotherhood, Service and Scholarship. Also, it must be remembered that flowers have been responsible for many a kinder thought, a lightened heart and renewed courage.

    The carnation, the most popular flower because of its long life, its fragrance and beauty, its continued blossoming, has been chosen the flower of the Phi Beta Sigma fraternity. This flower was very timely chosen, in that, this flower depicts the very atmosphere of this fraternity; first, it is a january flower, indeed very significant, in that the fraternity was organized in January. The carnation's significance is "fellowship".

    This organization was founded with the great ideals of linking us together in our great unbreakable bond of fellowship that we may feel the common pulsation of our motto, "Culture for Service and Service for Humanity". The flower harmonizes greatly with the idea of me fraternity: first its long life which signifies brotherhood.

    Ever keep before your mind's eye, "Am I my brother's keeper? Second, its fragrance and beauty signify scholarship. Truly, the world can say: "glory all around us shine. Third, its long continuing blossoming vividly portraying the mea of service for humanity. Chief Justice to Scribe: Brother, interpret for our neophytes the nature of the fellowship grip. Scribe: Come forward, brother … or brothers, if there are more than one. McCormick, an uncle of the Founder Cormick and Rogers took their positions outside as if to prevent any approach to the house from the rear, and, on the coming of the sheriff, parleyed with that officer at great length, finally con- vincing him that Arnold was not in the house.

    Meanwhile, it had been reported to North that a mob of ne- groes was forming to search the University grounds for Arnold. North in reminiscences of the affair. By this time it had been dark for some hours. Arnold, with North as his escort, rode fifteen miles into the country, to the house of the grandfather of Arnold's sweetheart whose well-meant prescription of apple-jack had been the beginning of all the trouble.

    The two riders missed the ford of the Rivanna, and were nearly ready to perish with cold when, about two the next morning, they reached a friendly shelter. Arnold went on to friends in another county the next day, and, after some weeks, went to New York to enter a medical college there, where his inseparable friend North soon joined him. Ar- nold's resignation as a student was accepted by the Virginia fac- ulty without prejudice; the Ethiopian sufferer soon recovered; and thus by the quick wit of Kappa Sigmas what might have been a mournful tragedy was turned into a drama to be a stirring memory of years afterward, and a lesson of the strength of a fraternal obligation.

    A month after the departure of North, that of Boyd is re- corded. The work of the Chapter, as it may now be called, ap- pears to have ended for the year with the loss of three of the Founders in succession. The rest belongs to the early history of the Fraternity and of Zeta Chapter. Let that which is here set down suffice to show that American Kappa Sigma sprang from no rivalry, discontent or disappointment, but solely from the free spirit of brotherhood in loyal hearts.

    Already plans are being considered to celebrate, in , the fiftieth anniversary of the founding and to make the event unparalleled among such fetes.

    The too early death of two of the original Five Friends and Brothers cut short lives in which the spirit of a noble ancestry was fully shown ; the founders who survive are honored citizens whose worthy achievements in widely various walks of life exemplify the catholic scope of the Fraternity which they founded. The true romance of the Founding having been told in the preceding chapter, as fully as it can ever be given to the general public, it remains to show who the Founders were and to tell the story of their later lives.

    By Leander James McCormick. Chicago, is required to display the ramifications, in Pennsylvania, Kentucky and Virginia, of this fine old Irish Presbyterian family, of the self-same breed as their fellow-countymen who, settling in Augusta county, Vir- ginia, gave America scores of her generals and statesmen.

    It is possible to mention here only that branch of the McCormicks, celebrated in our national annals for a hundred years, from which our founder comes ; a line known not alone for its enormous wealth, but also for the genius displayed by it in other fields than those of mere money making, and for its alliances with people distinguished otherwise than by their material possessions ; and 30 THE KAPPA SIGMA BOOK among the families of American multimillionaires, the only one which traces its origin to the South.

    The first of the name to become world-famous was Robert McCormick , the inventor, who laid the foundation of the family fortunes. He lived at "Walnut Grove," Augusta county, Virginia, an estate of two thousand acres into which he came by inheritance.

    Among his eight sons and daughters were Cyrus H. Rockefeller ; Leander J. McCormick, who gave the McCormick observatory to the University of Virginia ; and William Sanderson McCormick, allied with his brothers in the perfecting of the great inventions which influenced the agricultural development of a world. William S. A son of Robert S. McCormick married Senator Hanna's daughter Ruth ; three sisters of the Founder married into well-known Chicago families ; and the im- portant alliances formed by various members of the third and fourth generations are too numerous to be mentioned here.

    After receiving his primary education in private schools of the city, he was a student in the preparatory department of the old Uni- versity of Chicago. His mother, widowed in , soon after- ward removed to Baltimore, from which city young McCormick went in October, , to the University of Virginia, returning to that University in There the associations, already be- gun in the case of some of the founders, developed, as we have seen, into the Fraternity.

    Leaving the University of Virginia in May, , he spent six months in foreign travel, accompanied by his brother Robert and by a cousin. England, Ireland, Scotland and the Continent were visited. Returning to Baltimore in November of the same year, young McCormick followed his natural bent by associating himself with the banking house of John S.

    Returning late in from a year of foreign travel, Mr. McCor- mick spent a few months in Baltimore, removing in February. Brother McCormick now entered upon the active business ca- reer which continued until his retirement in As a member of the firm of McCormick Bros. In the following year, W. McCormick became a mem- ber of the New York stock exchange ; and after some changes of business relationships, the firm of W. Louis, was organ- ized.

    In 1 89 1 Brother McCormick transferred liis business in- terests to the well-known Schwartz-Dupee combination, with which he was associated until Brother McCormick's only active entrance into politics was in , when, against his ex- pressed wish, friends placed him on the Democratic ticket for al- derman from the eighteenth ward of the city of Chicago, a ward which had not elected a Democrat for more than twenty years.

    Brother McCormick was elected, to the surprise of many political wiseacres of the city. He is well-known in the principal cities of the world, and has many friends in both hemispheres. He is a member of no secret order except the Kappa Sigma Fraternity. The pictures of Brother McCormick accompanying this volume are the only ones he has ever given out for publication anywhere.

    Seven children, of whom six are living, have been born to Mr. One of the four daughters married Her- bert S. Stone, the Chicago publisher, son of Melville E. Stone, manager of the Associated Press. George Arnold, of Newport, R.

    Davis' academy for boys, Bloomfield, N. Small but well built, speaking French, Spanish and Italian fluently, he was a typical young Southerner of those stirring times.

    Jack- son. In the summer of , he began, with Samuel Isham North, his nearest and dearest friend even within Kappa Sigma, a course in medicine at the University, under Harrison, the famous and beloved professor. About In February, , the occurrence elsewhere related made it necessary for his friends and brothers to protect him from the consequences of a rash and hasty act, and caused his withdrawal from the University — the authorities, after investigation, accept- ing his resignation as a student and dismissing him with a clear record.

    He shortly entered the medical college of New York University, and by the end of the scholastic year , had completed the medical course according to the requirements of the time. He also served for a time as resident physician at the E. Hospital, Bedford Island, and in began to practice. Later he was resident physician at the Convalescent Hospital, Hart's Island, and, having become a Master Mason of Lebanon lodge in , was in i'75 vice-president and examining physician of the Washington Masonic Mutual Benefit Associa- tion, of New York.

    Founder Arnold's marriage occurred on September 8, , at the Jane St. The bride was Miss Minnie J. Law, daughter of Robert J. Law, a wealthy real estate owner of the city, a Mason, and a veteran of the Civil War, being one of the first to go out with the New York Seventh.

    For a number of years the Arnolds resided at east 71st St. The Star and Crescent, illuminated in the size of the early badges, appeared on Arnold's note-paper; he spoke much of the Fraternity, corresponding with his friends North and Boyd con- tinually, and often entertaining as his guests S. Jackson and Ed. Law Rogers, Jr. Arnold through their common descent from the Maryland Laws.

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    Arnold were for years regular attendants upon St. James' Episcopal church, New York, and here for five years, until the demands of a constantly increasing practice obliged him to abandon it, Arnold had a Bible class of young men, who were closely drawn to him by his ever attractive personality.

    To Dr. Arnold and his wife there were born eight children. Of the sad death of five of these, the widowed mother speaks seldom and with reluctance. Three died within one period of six weeks ; after an interval of five years, death claimed two in one day: Arnold was accustomed to meet and to vanquish in his practice, having never lost a case.

    A lover of his home and family, the effect of these losses never left him. He threw him- self more and more earnestly into his active work, becoming regardless of his own health ; and on January 25, , pneu- monia due to exposure resulted in his death, after an illness of but a few days. His body reposes in Woodlawn Cemetery.

    Arnold, with her three living children, two daughters and a son, found a home with her mother for five years, until that lady's death, and then removed to her present residence, 57 W. Other Kappa Sigmas have been better known than Miles Ar- nold, but none has ever been better loved. Peace to his ashes! The Fraternity would have delighted in these latter days to honor him living; dead, it reveres his memory. He was descended through his paternal grandmother from Mrs.

    Thomas Law was of no less worth. Before coming to America, he had been governor of a province in India, under Cornwallis as gov- ernor-general, in and later. His devotion to his adopted country was shown when, in , after the burning of the national capitol by the British, he with another downloadd a house in Washington and allowed Congress the use of it as a capitol building until better quarters could be erected — by this one act preventing the removal of the capital of the nation from Washington.

    The Rogers line was also one of distinction. Hurrying back to his country by way of France, to give himself to the cause of free- dom, he became an aide-de-camp to General de Coudray, and was afterward Baron de Kalb's adjutant during the dreadful winter at Valley Forge.

    Soon after the close of the Revolution, Colonel Rogers married Eleanor Buchanan, daughter of Lloyd Buchanan and granddaughter of one of the founders of Baltimore. Edmund Law Rogers, Sr. His wife, Charlotte Plater, was a descendant of George Plater, one of the colonial governors of Maryland and a member of the Council.

    Nicodemus was among his classmates. Entering the University of Virginia in , he was graduated in an aca- demic course. He then took up the study of architecture. Thor- oughly artistic in his temperament, none who knew him doubt that had he been under the kindly spur of necessity he might have achieved eminence in his profession, and, given the ordi- nary span of life, have been one of our country's chief apostles of a noble art which is just now coming to its own among us.

    Private theatricals had given him a liking for the stage. It amused him to act, and, free from personal anxieties and cares, he enjoyed the life behind the footlights.

    Handsome and clever, he was always in demand for leading parts and in the support of popular stars, from , when he entered upon his stage career, to the time of his death. At one time he played in "stock" with Ada Rehan, and later he had the part, which one of his few extant pictures shows to have been easily assumed by him, of a Southern planter in Boucicault's drama of "The Octoroon.

    Kindly, pol- ished, full of quiet humor, a citizen of the world who loved the world in which he dwelt, his old friends found much pleasure in their continued association with him while he lived.

    He married Miss Anna Carleton, of Boston, who survived him but a few years. His death occurred in New York, December 19, ; he was buried, from the old Rogers residence in Baltimore, in the Buchanan and Rogers burying- ground in Druid Hill, reserved to the family use perpetually when the sale to the city was made.

    One of his sisters is the wife of Edwin Warfield, "the first gentleman of the South," the present Governor of Maryland. The new firm engaged in a general investment and brokerage business for the following four years. In , Brother Nicodemus formed the firm of F.

    In March, , he was offered the general agency for Maryland of the Connecti- cut Mutual Life Insurance Company, which he continues to hold.

    Brother Nicodemus has been a member of the old Alston club. He has always had a part in the social life of his city, and has been intimately associ- ated with some of the older and younger Kappa Sigmas there. To Mr. Nicodemus were born four chil- dren: Smith, of Baltimore. At 5 Park avenue, Baltimore, is the pleasant home of the family.

    His grandfather was Dr. John Boyd, physician and planter, and his father, William Simms Boyd, was a graduate of the South Carolina Medical College, though he devoted his attention to the management of his estate rather than to the practice of his pro- fession.

    An ancestor in the paternal line was General Richard Richardson, , who attained to distinction in the colonial wars and in the Revolution. An account of his services and a history of his descendants is to be found in Johnson's "Traditions of the Revolution," and in Mrs. C, John Covert Boyd spent two years at the University of Virginia, from to , beginning the medical course in the second year.

    He then entered the medical department of the University of the City of New York, from which he received the degree of M. After a year as interne in the Jersey City Charity Hospital, he was appointed an Assistant Surgeon in the Navy medical corps, and since that time has been continu- ously connected therewith, having risen through the grades of Passed Assistant Surgeon, Surgeon, and Medical Inspector, to that of Medical Director.

    The detailed record of his career would fill several of these pages. He has seen service both afloat and ashore; was for eight years assistant to the chief of the naval Bureau of Medicine and Surgery; was detailed as a delegate to represent the medical department of the Navy at a meeting of th Association of Military Surgeons of the United States, held in Buffalo, in ; was again detailed as a delegate to the Inter- national Tuberculosis Congress, Berlin, Since he has been a professor in the Naval Medical College.

    Throughout his professional career he has been the author of numerous reports upon technical subjects, and he is at present engaged, under the supervision of the Surgeon-General of the Navy, in the preparation of a book of instructions for medical officers, which will make a volume of four hundred pages.

    On January 16, , President Roosevelt designated him as one of the incorporators of the American National Red Cross, and appointed him a mem- ber of the Central Committee of that body.

    On the meeting of the incorporators he was made a member of the Executive Commit- tee of the Red Cross. Attractive and magnetic, a typical Southerner and a loyal American, Dr. Boyd is known not only as the best in- formed man in the Navy, but also as the best loved man in it.

    It is said on good authority that he has to his credit the highest grade ever made in an examination for Passed Assistant Surgeon. Willard, of the well-known Washington family, and a descendant of Simon Willard, once president of Harvard. With their son and daughter, Dr. Boyd occupy a delightful home at P Street, northwest, Washington. JOHN E. Semmes was born at Cumberland, Md. The Semmes family in America is a distinguished one, especially in the Navy, and is descended from Joseph Semmes, originally of Norman ancestry, who came to Maryland from England in The father of John E.

    Semmes was Samuel M. Semmes, of Mary- land, a lawyer by profession. Semmes entered the University of Virginia October 18, He was graduated upon the completion of a course in analytical chemis- try, and soon afterward entered the Xavy as secretary to Com- modore John Guest, his maternal uncle.

    Later, he prepared for the bar in the law school of the University of Maryland, and entered the office of the late John H. One of his partners, John N.

    Master of the Ritual

    Steele, was with him at Virginia in In the early days of Kappa Sigma, he was an intimate associate of the lamented Rogers. Early in January, , he entered the University of Virginia, forming that deep and lasting friend- ship with George Miles Arnold which led to North's early union with the just- formed Fraternity.

    The work of Rogers, Arnold and North, is known to those acquainted with the history of the secret work of the Fraternity, and has been spoken of in the preceding chapter, in so far as it may be told in these pages.

    After devoting some time to academic studies, North, with Ar- nold, entered upon the study of medicine, taking the first year of the regular medical course. At that time, after a competitive examination, Dr. North won the position of interne at Roosevelt hospital, where he served eighteen months.

    He then became one of sixteen applicants for interne at the Woman's hospital, the examination for which is said to be one of the hardest in the country. North won the posi- tion. The illness of his father soon demanded his return to Texas, and in he began to practice in Galveston. Consid- erations of health necessitated a change of climate, and he re- moved to Cuero, in his native county, and in to Clayton, New Mexico, where he has since led the self-denying life of a busy doctor ; the monotony of which he has varied by a successful venture in Hereford cattle.

    His fellow-citizens have also pro- vided him with occupation for his rare moments of leisure by making him their county superintendent of schools. On June 25, , Dr. North married Eliza Gordon, daughter of Jonathan W. Gordon, a major of regulars and afterward a celebrated criminal lawyer of Indianapolis. The four hundred Kappa Sigmas who attended the St. Louis Conclave remember the good gray doctor, and understand how much of the present beauty and strength of the Fraternity is due to the work performed by him, with the lamented Rogers and Arnold.

    His father was John Henry Thomas, a member of the Baltimore bar for fifty-four years, a distinguished and able lawyer, and a graduate of Princeton. After attending private schools in Baltimore, George Thomas went to Europe in the sum- mer of , for a year of study and travel.

    Thomas then went to Berlin, where he remained a spectator of events until the end of the Franco- Prussian war. Returning to America, he entered the University of Virginia in the fall of , and was made a member of Kappa Sigma at its first meeting of which the contemporary minute re- mains, November 7, He was one of those who lived in the first Kappa Sigma house during the year 'yo-'yi, and many par- ticulars of the early history may be derived from his recollections of the intimacy existing among the members, and of their habits and customs.

    He was the intimate friend and associate of Ed- mund Law Rogers until the death of the latter, and has kept up his acquaintance with other pioneer Kappa Sigmas. He received the degree of LL. History gives us the information that there existed in Euro- pean universities secret orders among students. About the year , as is well known, there came to the oldest university in the world, Bologna, the Greek scholar Manuel Chrysoloras I ?

    He was the author of Erotemata Quaes- tiones, one of the first Greek grammars used in Italy. He is tra- ditionally asserted to have founded at the university a secret Order of students for mutual protection against Baltasare Cossa, at that time governor of the city, who practiced extortion upon the students, even sending out bands of his followers to rob them as they approached the university.

    The Order continued to exist, and spread first to the University of Florence, and then to the other three of the five great universities — Paris, Orleans and Montpelier. The lodges or circles among these scholars were known as Kohaths. They flourished throughout the revival of learning, enrolling the names of Bruni, Politian, the de Medicis, Michael Angelo, Chalcondylas, Bracciolini, and many others — poets, artists and wits.

    At one time it was intended to name all of the American chapters after these celebrities. In modern times the Order became practically extinct, but its secrets and symbols are said to have been preserved by a few noble families of Italy and France — principally in the de Bardi family.

    Its ritual, not a sophomore document, and peculiarly appropriate to a university society, is reminiscent of both the lower and higher degrees of Masonry. A few of them, referring to familiar symbols of the Fraternity may be here explained.

    Hence the use of the emblem by Kappa Sigma, and name of the magazine of the Fra- ternity. The motto of the University of Bologna was Bononia docet mundum or Bononia docet. This is the open motto of Kappa Sigma, and suggests the mission which Kappa Sigma hopes to realize in the new world as Bologna did in the old. MICHIGAN and inspired by identical ideas and ideals ; and that which inspires us, the good we seek, is not selfish but unselfish, not personal, but impersonal, and is represented to us by a name — that name, Kappa Sigma.

    You and I know dif- ferently of Kappa Sigma, whatever may be said of others, for we have within our hearts the esoteric teachings of our beloved Fra- ternity, and we know it is something more, much more, than a thing to amuse a schoolboy, and to be discarded with the toga.

    We know that Kappa Sigma represents within itself, and stands for, the great truth that, express it how or when or where we will, from the first dawn of recorded history — aye, beyond that, turn we back the pages of the eternal ages and dip into the past as we will — resolves itself into this, the Fatherhood of God and the Brotherhood of Man. We cannot, with exactitude, say when nor where nor how the thing we call Kappa Sigma had its birth, any more than we can say when the light first begins to break over a darkened world; nor when nor where man first became a living, breathing- spirit reflecting the qualities of Deity.

    NEW YORK tions of savages express in some form the same idea- — enmeshed, it may be, in much that is unbelievable, much that is absurd to our modern scientific mind. So the central truth of Kappa Sigma comes to us like the central truth of life — through legend and through tradition. Traditions are not made by any man, but by time alone. A tradition cannot be proved. It cannot be dis- proved. It rests alone upon faith — belief — and that is the power of tradition, for faith is the greatest power in all the universe.

    That their tradition be true or false, reasonable or unreasonable, is of little moment, so that it is believed. What one of you does not know that this tradition — fable, if you please to call it — has made Masonry the greatest secret organization the world has ever known? Among the youngest of college frater- nities in America, it stands to-day the greatest. Can you doubt for one moment that the living force behind its advance is bound up in its traditional history?

    You were at one with the youth of a bygone age. You shared in spirit the toil and travail of those who, when ignorance, like a pall of death, had settled upon the world, struggled amid the vicissitudes of a crime-ridden nation for light and for truth.

    I urge you, then, with all the power at my command, to cling to, believe in and live up to this hallowed tradition of Kappa Sigma that comes to us out of the dim past like the first faint breath of spring time, and which, somehow and some way, makes us better and nobler and stronger because thereof.

    The boom of the cannon at Appomattox still reverberates in the distance. Fraternal blood yet crimsons Virginia's tragic soil. Where peace and plenty had found their wonted home, poverty was abroad in the land. Palatial homes, where once the lute made glad music 'neath the southern summer skies, and silvery laughter rippled from merry lips, and beaming eyes flashed with love and life, now lay in smouldering ruins.

    Eyes that had sparkled were dull with tears. Hearts that had burgeoned and blossomed with love now shrivelled with bit- terest hate.

    War, grim-visaged and dread, had stalked through- out the land for four long years, and all was desolation — all was ruin. And yet it was there, amid these scenes, that our beloved Kappa Sigma had its new birth. It was in the halls of our Fra- ternity that a part of the youth of the country began to close the doors of the four years of hell this people had lived.

    There we began to learn that love and not hate, peace and not war, are the laws of life — to know that there was no North and no South, but one great country ; that there was no Northerner, no South- erner, but all Americans, blood of the same blood, bone of the same bone, brothers in truth and in fact, united in indissoluble union.

    We know one another and we love one another, for Kappa Sigma is Love. The men who founded her at the University of Vir- ginia in were not of small ideas. When Founder McCor- mick and other founders from Baltimore returned to that city from the university in , they engaged splendid apartments on Lombard Street for fraternity purposes. But the time was inopportune, and the Chapter did not make its appearance till , when Dr.

    Heffenger, Zeta later to be passed assistant surgeon in the navy, an emi- nent writer and medico-legal expert, initiated a number of gen- tlemen.

    Henry Seeley Welch, of San Francisco, which they accordingly did. Welch was to install a Chapter at the University of California, but he also found the time in- opportune. Under a similar dispensation, it was in New York at Bellevue, that Dr.

    It should be noted that there were no fraternities at this time at California nor at Alabama — the beginning of the wise policy of extension of Kappa Sigma. I J I hi Htttk? It was not, however, until , that the mother Chapter took np the extension movement in earnest. In that year a Chapter was placed by Dr. James H. It was but natural that the Fraternity should first plant suc- cessful Chapters in the South, for there were the friends and kinsmen of its members.

    Notable as are the founders for their connections, so also may this be re- marked of all the Fraternity's early members, for no society had brethren of higher social status than did Kappa Sigma in all her early years.

    The chapter rolls of the first Southern Chapters are rosters of the names of the first families of the South. A number were the sons of men prominent in the history of other fraternities. All of these Chapters save Virginia Polytechnic, Emory and Henry, and Vir- ginia Military Institute are alive to-day, and these three were killed only by anti- fraternity laws. The founders knew well how to cultivate vitality and to choose institutions.

    Their history is a part of the history of America, and an inspiration. In some cases their incomes and student bodies are not so large as some of their newer Northern and Western sisters. Yet their buildings and equipment are of the best, for, following the classical courses, they do not need large sums for technical apparatus, and their professors are willing to work for a spiritual reward. With the prosperity of the new South, even many are becoming rich in money.

    The only period not of the highest prosperity known to the Fra- ternity was the college generation of four years from to It was not until that Kappa Sigma established a Chapter in the North. This was the first Northern Chapter of a fraternity of Southern origin. The Chapter survived only till , for knowledge of membership in it meant expulsion from the college. A second petition for a Chapter at another Northern college was received from an organization which had withdrawn from its general fraternity, but this petition was rejected.

    From this point on- ward is a history of the conquest of the North and West. The Fraternity now has the longest roll of all the fraternities — seven- ty-six Chapters. It has the widest geographical distribution of the fraternities, being represented in more states of the Union than any other — having Chapters in thirty-five states, the Dis- trict of Columbia and the coming state of Oklahoma.

    Virginia Virginia, ; 2. Alabama Alabama, ; 3. North Carolina Trinity, ; 4. Maryland Mary- land, ; 5. Georgia Mercer, ; 6.

    Tennessee Vander- bilt, ; 7. Illinois Lake Forest, ; 8. Texas Texas, ; Indiana Purdue, ; Louisiana Centenary, ; Maine Maine, ; Ohio Ohio Northern, ; Pennsyl- vania Swarthmore, ; South Carolina South Carolina, ; Arkansas Arkansas, ; Michigan Michigan, ; District of Columbia George Washington — formerly known as Columbian — ; New York Cornell.

    Vermont Vermont, ; Kentucky Bethel. Mississippi Millsaps, ; Nebraska Nebraska, ; Missouri William Jewell, ; Rhode Island Brown, ; Wisconsin Wisconsin, ; Califor- nia Stanford, ; New Hampshire New Hampshire, ; Minnesota Minnesota, ; Colorado Den- ver, ; Iowa Iowa, ; Kansas Baker, ; Washington Washington, ; Oregon Oregon, ; Massachusetts Massachusetts State, ; Idaho Idaho, ; Oklahoma Oklahoma, At the same time, she prophesied the splendid future of the state institutions — the result of the congressional acts of and later — and other institutions founded since the civil war.

    Fraternities of Northern origin in these places had no more prestige due to the age of their chapters than did Kappa Sigma. The fraternity thus found opportunities in the North and West similar to those she had met in the South — the best universities, and these not overcrowd- ed by Greek letter societies.

    Nearly fifty per cent of them are so located. She is also represented in all but four of the twenty universities in the United States having the largest enrollment — Harvard.

    Of these four — Princeton, Columbia. Northwestern and Yale — Princeton does not admit fraternities. Both are crowded with fraternities, and conditions at Columbia seem to demand the ownership of a very costly house to start with.

    No movement looking toward Yale has ever received encourage- ment, for reasons recently expressed by President Hadley of that university — "A large part of the fraternities are not even known by their Greek-letter names.

    When I want to know what is the Greek-letter name of any organization, I have to look it up in the Yale Banner. This does not take into account the powers extended to Dr. Many Chapters have been formed from local and other so- cieties, thus giving a Chapter an element of stability at its incep- tion, this policy being as marked in Kappa Sigma as in any other fraternity.

    Yet it has never sought to add the names of United States senators and other prominent men to its alumni lists by enrolling them without initiation or active affiliation — an abuse in some fraternities. Indeed, conservatism in this regard led to the breaking off of negotiations for union of Kappa Sigma with two other general fraternities. Until , the initiation of alumni of local societies was prohibited ; since then under certain restrictions it has been permitted.

    Those Chapters formed from other societies are: This society was founded at South Carolina College in , and is the second oldest of the defunct societies of Southern origin. Its badge was a monogram of the letters comprising the name of the society. Kukloi Adelphon or "circles" nourished as select organizations among the southern gentry before the war in the colleges and also in the "court" towns or county seats in Alabama, Virginia, Ken- tucky and other southern states.

    After the war, in the Reconstruction period, these kukloi formed a basis for the Ku Klux Klan. At Jefferson's home, "Monticello," Virginia, in , the society disbanded. Its badge was a five-sided shield displaying the letters, Mu Pi Lambda, beneath an eye and above the skull and bones. It published a quarterly, the Archon. When the Michigan Chapter was founded its membership was at first confined to the law school, similar to Sigma Chi in that University.

    The few and short periods of inactivity of Kappa Sigma Chap- ters are remarkable to contemplate. Of the large fraternities having over fifty Chapters, Kappa Sigma has the smallest per- centage of dead or inactive Chapters.

    A number of the Chapters have become victims of anti-fraternity legislation. The Alabama Chapter was killed by anti-fraternity laws shortly after its foundation, and was revived in Hostile legislation caused the inactivity of the Vanderbilt Chapter from to , although anti-fraternity laws prevailed from the foundation of the university in The Lake Forest Chapter was also inactive on account of hostile legislation from to Exclusiveness caused the Washington and Lee Chapter to be- 4 Q.

    The fraternity published a handsome quarto journal from Boston and a cata- logue in The badge was a diamond-shaped slab upon which is en- graved a monogram of the letters "Q. It published a catalogue in and issued for many years an annual called the Cycle, which it continues. It was reestablished in , but with the overcrowded condition of the institution, fraternities pledging men on incoming trains, it was withdrawn in It was again installed in by the absorption of the mother Chapter of Mu Pi Lambda.

    The Chapter at the University of Maryland was withdrawn in on account of an unseemly conflict with the Rush Medical Society of that University. It was revived in and from that date has been very successful. By agreement, all fraternities, owing to the fact they were supposed to be ruining the literary societies, withdrew from Trinity in ; the Chapter was revived in The Chapters at Grant and West Virginia were discontinued, the first for lack of material, the second on account of local difficulties.

    The Chapter at Emory College was dis- continued on account of failure of members to return to college and the desire of the Fraternity not to remain in the institution, the last Kappa Sigma being valedictorian of his class. Several causes led to the withdrawal of the Indiana Chapter in The Chapter at Centenary was the first established there after the Civil War.

    The Chapters at Ohio Northern and Thatcher Institute were withdrawn because these colleges were not considered to be up to the full American collegi- ate standard. The Chapter at Bethel College surrendered its charter on account of lack of suitable material. The Mercer Chapter was withdrawn in during a wretched period in the college's history, and was installed again in The Chapter at North Georgia College surrendered its charter with a decline of the institution.

    When the Maryland Military and Naval Academy, the most important military insti- tute of private foundation ever established in the country, was financially wrecked by its officers in , the Chapter there ceased to exist. The Fraternity's relations with other societies have been cor- dial. The first numbers in the following give the number of all the Chapters of various fraternities met by Kappa Sigma, and the second numbers the percentage of such Chapters to the entire Chapter roll of each fraternity: Kappa Sigma has always opposed "lifting," repeatedly re- fusing propositions of this kind, although when such a practice was considered legitimate, in , it took several members of the Virginia Polytechnic Chapter of Beta Theta Pi, after the Betas had surrendered their charter.

    However, the giving up of the charter was in no way influenced by Kappa Sigma. In , membership in the sophomore society of Theta Nu Ep- silon was prohibited.

    The names of Kappa Sigmas may be found in all other famous inter-class local and professional fra- ternities. Burkett of N. Another Kappa Sigma, Powell C. Fauntleroy, of the U. Navy, was one of the founders of Pi Mu, the first medical fraternity of Southern origin.

    One of the founders of Chi Omega, a prosperous national sorority of Southern origin, was Dr. Charles Richardson, of Arkansas. The following is the Chapter roll of Kappa Sigma. For more detailed references to it, see Appendix B. In order there are date of foundation, name of Chapter, name of university, date of inactivity and number of initiates to July 1, Zeta, University of Virginia Beta, University of Alabama 68 Eta, Trinity College N.

    Mu, Washington and Lee University 90 Xi, Virginia Military Institute 23 Nu, Virginia Polytechnic Institute 91 Omicron, Emory and Henry College Alpha-Alpha, University of Maryland Alpha-Beta, Mercer University 93 Kappa, Vanderbilt University Lambda, University of Tennessee Alpha Chi, Lake Forest University 68 Alpha Iota, Grant University 43 Phi, Southwestern Presbyterian University Omega, University of the South Pi, University of West Virginia 17 Upsilon, Hampden-Sidney College 94 Tau, University of Texas Rho, North Georgia Agricultural College 32 Chi, Purdue University Delta, Maryland Military and Naval Academy 31 Epsilon, Centenary College 84 Psi, University of Maine Iota, Southwestern University Gamma, Louisiana State University Alpha, Emory College 24 Beta-Theta, Indiana University 71 Theta, Cumberland University Beta, Thatcher Institute 17 Pi, Swarthmore College 91 Eta, Randolph Macon College 67 Sigma, Tulane University Nu, William and Mary College Chi Omega, South Carolina University 28 Xi, University of Arkansas Delta, Davidson College 97 Beta, University of Indianapolis 11 Alpha-Gamma, University of Illinois Alpha-Delta, Pennsylvania State College Alpha-Epsilon, University of Pennsylvania in Alpha-Zeta, University of Michigan Alpha-Eta, George Washington University Alpha-Theta, Southwestern Baptist University Alpha- Kappa, Cornell University Alpha-Lambda, University of Vermont Alpha-Mu, University of North Carolina 33 Alpha-Nu, Wofford College 67 Alpha-Xi, Bethel College 45 Alpha-Omicron, Kentucky University 50 Alpha- Pi, Wabash College 70 Alpha-Rho, Bowdoin College 99 Alpha-Sigma, Ohio State University Alpha-Tau, Georgia School of Technology 84 Alpha-Upsilon, Millsaps College Alpha-Psi, University of Nebraska Alpha-Omega, William Jewell College 60 Beta- Alpha, Brown University 83 Beta-Beta, Richmond College 43 Beta-Gamma, Missouri State University 77 Beta-Delta, Washington and Jefferson College 52 Beta-Epsilon, University of Wisconsin 88 Beta-Zeta, Stanford University 59 Beta-Eta, Alabama Polytechnic Institute 59 Beta-Iota, Lehigh University 49 Beta- Kappa, New Hampshire College 90 1 90 1.

    Beta-Lambda, University of Georgia 38 Beta-Nu, Kentucky State College 40 Beta-Xi, University of California 48 Beta-Omicron, University of Denver 40 Beta-Pi, Dickinson College 45 Beta-Sigma, Washington University Mo.

    Beta-Rho, University of Iowa 58 Beta-Tau, Baker University 49 Beta-Upsilon, North Carolina A. College 42 Beta-Chi, Missouri School of Mines 29 Beta-Psi, University of Washington 32 Beta-Omega, Colorado College 28 Gamma-Alpha, University of Oregon 28 Gamma-Beta, University of Chicago 26 Gamma-Gamma, Colorado School of Mines 29 Gamma-Delta, Massachusetts State College Gamma-Zeta, New York University 15 Gamma-Epsilon, Dartmouth College 32 Gamma- Eta, Harvard University 29 Gamma-Theta, University of Idaho 29 Gamma-Iota, Syracuse University 18 Gamma-Kappa, University of Oklahoma 12 Number of active Chapters, 76; inactive Chapters, 15; number of initiates, OS M "".

    While some fra- ternities count their disloyal members by dozens and even by Chapters, Kappa Sigma has had but a few isolated cases where an undergraduate left the Fraternity to join another. These sep- arate cases occurred a number of years ago in the North, while the Fraternity was young. Thus, this congenial society of scholars and gentlemen do not allow their fraternal associations to die when they leave their universities.

    Good-fellowship, and not scholastic pedantry alone, was emphasized by the American founders. There are Alumni Clubs all over the country where dinners and dances keep up a delightful friendship. Charles in New Orleans. In many of the leading cities — St. Danville, Va. Jackson, Tenn. At one time there were state associations of the Chapters and alumni of Ten- nessee, Louisiana, Texas and Virginia, but these were abandoned when the District system was adopted.

    A club-house, the first of its kind at Washington, D.

    Kappa Sigma Masters of the Ritual March 2017

    C, was supported by the alumni of that city during and It was successful, but was temporarily given up in order that a club building more central- THE ALUMNI 87 ly located in the club district might be obtained, a task almost im- possible. The University of Maryland house is used with and supported jointly by the alumni of Baltimore as a club-house for the latter.

    Boston alumni are considering a similar scheme. The accompanying map shows the number of Kappa Sigmas in each state and also every town where a Kappa Sigma may be lo- cated. No one section can claim a monopoly of them. Membership in the Fraternity is restricted. No one may be initiated unless he be a member of the college where there is a Chapter.

    The President's son, Jefferson Davis, Jr. The president and his family have always had a pe- culiarly tender affection for the Fraternity.

    To both Mrs. Davis was never seen without her Kappa Sigma insignia. Miss Davis' badge was thought to be the most beauti- ful Greek letter fraternity badge ever produced. The same Grand Conclave which sent the badge to Mrs. Davis also sent one to Mrs. Grant, widow of the President, whose favorite grandson. Algernon E. Sartoris, is a Kappa Sigma. A number of other scions of the White House are members. A complete list of the names of prominent alumni would be tiresome.

    Kappa Sigmas are to be found in all places where the prizes of American life are being won. Kappa Sigma, so thoroughly American, views with a special pride its record in the Spanish- American war, wherein, according to the publications of other fraternities, it had a larger percentage of men engaged in proportion to its membership than any other Greek letter or- ganization. There were Kappa Sigmas from privates to general officers.

    True to its ancient literary origin in Europe, members of the Order established the first English newspaper in the Phil- ippines and the first all-English newspaper in Cuba. Here was instituted the Supreme Executive Committee, a body of legislative, judicial, and executive powers. Greater authority was added to it by the Richmond, Virginia, Conclave, in October, During a period in , the Committee was relieved of much purely secretarial work when Omega Chapter, at the Uni- versity of the South attended to much detail as a grand Chapter.

    But from to the present there has been a government not precisely similar to that of any other college fraternity. Many have a central body similar to the Supreme Executive Committee. Following what is known as the "Masonic tradition" — for Mason- ry makes its officers supreme — hardly any other society leaves that governing body so free to act for the best interests of the Fra- ternity in all things which may come up for consideration be- tween regular Conclaves. The Fraternity, as a whole, responds promptly and cheerfully to the direction of the S.

    In fact, this body has wielded more influence and attained better results in several instances in the government of students than college presidents. The Fraternity has come into closer contact with col- lege faculties than any other, for once a year the S.

    Phi Beta Sigma - Initiation Ritual

    Difficulties with faculties over opposition to fraternities are almost things of the past. For years at Emory and Henry, there was an unceasing war. At the latter, General Lomax and President Davis, of the Confederacy, were brought into the discussion.

    The Fra- ternity faced the obnoxious regulations at the opening of Vander- bilt, for the first year maintaining one of the most successful sub rosa chapters ever in existence — as did Phi Delta Theta at a slightly later period — but finally succumbed.

    Anti-fraternity laws coupled with the rigid military discipline at the "West Point of the South," the Virginia Military Institute, killed the Chapter. There was trouble over ad- mission of the Fraternity to the University of the South, but the influence of General E.

    The result is still in the balance. The records of the various offices of the Fraternity are very complete and voluminous. By the use of blank forms for reports to and from the Chapters, they have been highly systematized and brought up to the latest methods. It has been the policy of the Fraternity to train certain of the officers of the S. The other national officers are a songbook editor, a catalogue editor, a historian and an alumni secretary.

    The geographical limits of these are shown on accompanying maps. At the head of each is a District Grand Master. He personally oversees the Chapters, resulting in the complete unification and understanding among them, and keep- ing the work of each individual Chapter up to the standard. He is also expected to know, and to keep in touch with every alumnus residing in his District.

    The Con- claves' legislation in the past has been intended to hamper as little as possible the powers of the S. Conclaves have been held as follows: Baltimore, Md. C, ; Richmond, Va. Louis, Mo. Mountain, Tenn. These meetings are usually held at some popular hotel or resort. They have grown into large concourses with hundreds of the silver-grays and undergraduates, with their wives and sweethearts, arriving on special trains and cars from all over the country.

    The St. Ms Room Library Freshmen at Work men ever assembled. The last Conclave was held at Lookout Mountain, Tenn. Detailed accounts and minutes of all the Conclaves may be found in the Caduceus, the Star and Crescent, and various printed reports.

    There are also District Conclaves, usually held annually in each District. downloadrs of this book will be supplied with the official design when engraved. May, The colors of the Fraternity are scarlet, white and emerald green.

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